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[1]金鑫,张婵,王钰,等.稀释氧化亚氮对海洛因依赖者戒断期疼痛的影响[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2016,(05):538-541.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2016.05.014]
 JIN Xin,ZHANG Chan,WANG Yu,et al.Effect of Diluted Nitrous Oxide on the Pain of Heroin Addicts During Withdrawal[J].Ningxia Medical University,2016,(05):538-541.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2016.05.014]
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稀释氧化亚氮对海洛因依赖者戒断期疼痛的影响(PDF)
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
538-541
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2016-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of Diluted Nitrous Oxide on the Pain of Heroin Addicts During Withdrawal
作者:
金鑫12张婵2王钰1刘强1李玉香1
1.宁夏医科大学护理学院,银川 750004; 2.宁夏人民医院,银川 750001
Author(s):
JIN Xin12 ZHANG Chan2 WANG Yu1 LIU Qiang1 LI Yuxiang1
1.School of Nursing, Ningxia Med.Univ., Yinchuan 750004; 2.Ningxia People's Hospital, Yinchuan 750001
关键词:
海洛因依赖 戒断期 疼痛 氧化亚氮
Keywords:
heroin addicts withdrawal pain nitrous oxide
分类号:
R749.6
DOI:
10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2016.05.014
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 探讨稀释氧化亚氮在海洛因依赖者戒断期疼痛的镇痛作用。方法 选取2014年1月-12月宁夏某市两所强制隔离戒毒所收治的60例海洛因依赖者进入本研究。采用随机数字表法将依赖者分为氧气组和稀释氧化亚氮组各30例。于干预前、后2min采用语言评价量表(verbal rating scale,VRS)评估依赖者疼痛程度,并采用指夹式脉搏血氧仪测量依赖者干预前、后2min心率和脉氧饱和度。结果 干预前两组VRS、心率、SaO2比较差异无统计学意义(Z=0.198,t=0.315,t=1.299,P均>0.05)。干预后2min与氧气组比较,稀释氧化亚氮组VRS分级明显降低(Z=6.554,P<0.01); 两组间心率及SaO2比较差异无统计学意义(t=1.079,t=0.284,P>0.05)。氧气组和稀释氧化亚氮组干预前、后2min心率、SaO2比较差异无统计学意义(t=1.837, t=1.795,t=1.627, t=0.576,P均>0.05)。结论 稀释氧化亚氮吸入可降低海洛因依赖者戒断期疼痛程度,具有明显的镇痛作用,可用于海洛因依赖者戒断期疼痛的管理。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the analgesic effect of diluted nitrous oxide on the pain of heroin addicts during withdrawal. Methods A total of 60 heroin addicts in the two Compulsory Detoxification Centers of Ningxia from January 2014 to December 2014 were selected to enroll in our study. A form with the list of random number was used to divide the addicts into control group(n=30, treated with inhalation of oxygen)and intervention group(n=30, treated with inhalation of diluted nitrous oxide). The verbal rating scale(VRS)was used to evaluate the severity of pain in addicts 2 minutes before and after the treatment. Heart rate(HR)and oxygen saturation(SaO2)were measured with Pulse Oxymeter 2 minutes before and after the treatment. Results There was no significant differences of VRS score, HR and SaO2 between the two groups before treatment(Z=0.198,t=0.315,t=1.299,P all>0.05). There was significant difference on the VRS scores of 2 minutes after treatment between two group(Z=6.554,P<0.01). There was no significant difference between two group 2 minutes after treatment in HR and SaO2(t=1.079,t=0.284,P>0.05). There was no significant difference in two group between before and 2 minutes after treatment in HR and SaO2(t=1.837,t=1.795,t=1.627,t=0.576,P all>0.05). Conclusion The diluted nitrous oxide can reduce the pain score of heroin addicts during withdrawal. It shows an obvious analgesic effect. It may be applied in the pain management for the heroin addicts.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-11-15 基金项目:宁夏医科大学2014年特殊人才启动项目(XT201410) 作者简介:金鑫(1984-),女,宁夏人,主管护师,在读硕士研究生,护理学专业。 通信作者:李玉香,副教授,疼痛管理。E-mail:li_yuxiang@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-05-20