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[1]汤 榕,孙维红,许静怡,等.零售药店工作人员对药品不良反应认知度的调查分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(07):786-789,795.
 TANG Rong,SUN Wei-hong,XU Jing-yi,et al.Investigation on ADR Recognition of Retail Pharmacy Staff[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(07):786-789,795.
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年07期
页码:
786-789,795
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2013-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation on ADR Recognition of Retail Pharmacy Staff
作者:
汤 榕1 孙维红2 许静怡1 田 欣1
1.宁夏医科大学管理学院,银川 750004; 2.宁夏医科大学总医院药剂科,银川 750004
Author(s):
TANG Rong1 SUN Wei-hong2 XU Jing-yi1 TIAN Xin1
1.Management School of Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan 750004; 2.Dept. of Pharmacy,the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan 750004
关键词:
目的 了解零售药店工作人员药品不良反应相关知识的知晓率以便从药品流通的重要源头之一来减少药品不良反应(ADR)的发生同时为完善ADR监测体系和政府相关政策的制定提供参考。 方法 采用自行设计的调查问卷运用随机抽样的方式对银川市三区两县的215名药店工作人员进行问卷调查。结果(1)市区与两县的药店在是否了解ADR相关法律法规等三项的认知差异具有统计学意义(P≤0.05)(2)在ADR含义认知等三项问题上三星级药店工作人员对ADR的认知度高于二星级药店(P<0.05
Keywords:
adverse drug reaction retail pharmacies recognition investigation
分类号:
R95
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解零售药店工作人员药品不良反应相关知识的知晓率,以便从药品流通的重要源头之一来减少药品不良反应(ADR)的发生,同时为完善ADR监测体系和政府相关政策的制定提供参考。 方法 采用自行设计的调查问卷,运用随机抽样的方式对银川市三区两县的215名药店工作人员进行问卷调查。结果(1)市区与两县的药店在是否了解ADR相关法律法规等三项的认知差异具有统计学意义(P≤0.05);(2)在ADR含义认知等三项问题上,三星级药店工作人员对ADR的认知度高于二星级药店(P<0.05);(3)在知道ADR含义等6项认知度方面差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),参加过培训的药店工作人员认知情况高于未参加过培训者;(4)零售药店工作人员愿意接受的培训方式依次为:专家讲座(63.26%)>临床见习(40.47%)>自学培训材料=与医院监测人员直接交流(32.56%)>案例讨论(30.23%)。结论 零售药店工作人员ADR认知的培训纳入药店考核及星级评定标准有利于ADR监测工作的开展,减少ADR的发生,减轻患者的经济负担。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate and understand the pharmacy retail staff 's knowledge about ADR and to provide reference for improvement of ADR monitoring system and the formulation of government policy. Methods Using the self-designed questionnaire and random sampling method, a questionnaire survey on 215 pharmacy staff in two counties and three district of Yinchuan City was conducted. Results(1)Cognitive differences about three items of the understanding of ADR related laws and regulations in city and two counties' pharmacies had statistical significance(P≤0.05);(2)the staff's awareness of ADR in three-star pharmacy was higher than that in two-star pharmacy(P<0.05);(3)there was statistical significance about six cognitive differences of ADR concept and so on(P<0.05),the awareness of the staff who attended training was higher than that of the ones who did not attend training;(4)the training methods of the retail pharmacy staff would like be accepted were the below successively: expert lectures(63.26%)> clinical probation(40.47%)> training materials, direct communication with hospital monitors(32.56%)> case discussion(30.23%). Conclusion Putting the training of ADR cognition for the pharmacy retail staff into the assessment and five-star ratings is favor of developing ADR monitoring work, reducing the occurrence of ADR and the economic burden of the patients.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-07-20 基金项目:教育部“春晖计划”合作科研项目(Z2008-75003) 作者简介:汤榕,女,硕士,高级经济师,从事卫生经济和药物经济研究。E-mail:yilizmf851@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-07-20