|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴 伟,李光华,杨俏玲,等.运动锻炼对老年人心理状态及生理功能的影响[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(02):175-176,180.
 WU Wei,LI Guang-hua,YANG Qiao-ling,et al.Effects of Exercise on Psychological State and Physiological Function in the Elderly[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(02):175-176,180.
点击复制

运动锻炼对老年人心理状态及生理功能的影响(PDF)
分享到:

《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年02期
页码:
175-176,180
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2013-02-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of Exercise on Psychological State and Physiological Function in the Elderly
作者:
吴 伟1 李光华1 杨俏玲2 郭忠琴1
1.宁夏医科大学,银川 750004; 2.宁夏医科大学总医院,银川 750004
Author(s):
WU Wei1 LI Guang-hua1 YANG Qiao-ling2 GUO Zhong-qin1
1.Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan 750004; 2.The General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004
关键词:
老年人 运动 心理健康 生理功能
Keywords:
elder people exercise psychological health physiological function
分类号:
R161.1
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 探讨运动锻炼对老年人心理状态及生理功能的影响。方法 筛选128名老年人,分为对照组和运动组。采用SCL-90调查表评价其心理状态,测定其握力、心率、血压及免疫球蛋白含量,分析其生理功能变化。结果 运动组人际关系、抑郁、偏执因子及总平均分得分均低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05或 0.01); 运动组老年人心率(91.35±14.15)、收缩压(126.78±12.58)均低于对照组(96.22±13.31; 132.22±16.51),P<0.05,运动组握力(31.06±10.21)高于对照组(27.42±9.11),P<0.05; 运动锻炼可明显增加老年人血清IgG(13.16±2.60/11.06±2.86)与IgM(1.28±0.22/1.19±0.21)的水平(P<0.05,P<0.01)。结论 运动锻炼可防止老年人心理障碍的发生、增强肌握力、改善心血管及机体免疫功能,有助于老年人的身心健康。
Abstract:
Objective To explore the effect of exercise on elder people physiological state and physiological function. Methods 128 subjects were divided into the control group and the exercise group. Psychological state was evaluated Using SCL-90 questionnaire in elder people. The grip strength, heart rate, blood pressure and immune globulin content were determined to analyze elder people physiological function changes. Results Significant difference was found between the exercise group and control group in interpersonal relationships, depression, paranoia, and total average scores(P<0.05 or 0.01); The heart rate of the exercise group(91.35 ± 14.15), systolic blood pressure(126.78 ± 12.58)were significantly lower than those of the control group(96.22±13.31; 132.22±16.51),P<0.05. Grip strength in the exercise group(31.06 ± 10)were significantly higher than that of the control group(27.42 ± 9.11),P<0.05. Serum IgG(13.16 ± 2.60/11.06 ± 2.86)and IgM(1.28±0.22/1.19 ± 0.21)levels in exercise group significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion Exercise could prevent the occurrence of psychological disorders,enhance muscle grip strength and improve cardiovascular and immune function in the elderly.

参考文献/References:

[1] 张文艳. 老年人心理分析及心理护理[J]. 中国医药指南,2012,10(10):322-324.
[2] 谷灿,何国平. 运动锻炼对老年人身心健康的影响[J]. 现代护理,2005,11(25):2087-2089.
[3] 闫雅凤,侯惠如,瓮长水,等. 老年人握力重测的信度研究[J]. 解放军护理杂志,2012,29(1):34-36.
[4] 王玉玲,王曼,王社芬. 军队离退休老年人运动饮食体质量与身心健康关系的调查研究[J]. 南方护理学报,2005,12(11):4-5.
[5] 高霞,李玉明,高磊,等. 低强度运动训练对高龄老年患者心肺功能的影响[J]. 中国康复,2011,26(1):46-47.

相似文献/References:

[1]杨付明.喉罩全麻复合硬膜外麻醉在老年冠心病手术中的应用[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(09):949.
[2]郑木平.全髋与半髋关节置换治疗老年人移位型股骨颈骨折对比分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(08):824.
[3]宁艳花,张琳,刘国莲,等.银川市4个社区老年人自我护理能力现状调查[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(05):483.
 NING Yan-hua,ZHANG Lin,LIU Guo-lian,et al.Investigation on the Self-care Agency of Aged People in 4 Communities of Yinchuan[J].Ningxia Medical University,2012,(02):483.
[4]李光华,李 红,张庆华,等.热应激对大鼠体温、体重及应激器官重量的影响[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(02):145.
 LI Guang-hua,LI Hong,ZHANG Qing-hua,et al.Effects of Heat Stress on Body Temperature,Body Weight and Relative Weight of Organ in Rats[J].Ningxia Medical University,2012,(02):145.
[5]朱琳虹,马敏.Vitapex用于老年人感染根管一次法根管治疗术的临床观察[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(01):59.
[6]李建平,罗建兵,任彬彬,等.宁夏海原县农村老年人卫生服务需求与利用现况分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(01):55.
 LI Jian-ping,LUO Jian-bing,REN Bin-bin,et al.Demand and Utilization of Health Service Among the Elderly in Rural Areas of Haiyuan County in Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2012,(02):55.
[7]赵立华,缪月琴,张 鹏,等.丁苯酞注射液治疗老年急性脑梗死60例临床观察[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(08):904.
[8]冯 莉,邱鹏飞.某高校气虚体质女大学生运动治疗效果研究[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(07):793.
 FENG Li,QIU Peng-fei.The Curative Effect of Exercise Therapy on Female Undergraduates with Qi- insufficiency Constitution[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(02):793.
[9]常缨,董文亮.口腔内科门诊老年患者的就诊特点及分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(06):707.
[10]郭建华,宁艳花.银川市市区4个社区老年人自我护理能力与社会支持的相关性分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(02):195.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-07-10 基金项目:宁夏自然科学基金(NZ10111) 作者简介:吴伟(1962-)男,副教授,学士,主要从事体育教学及运动与健康方面的研究。 通信作者:李光华(1965-),男,教授,博士,主要从事环境与运动生理学方面的研究。E-mail:ghlee0404@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-02-20