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[1]温 静,朱丽琴,张学玲,等.彭阳县农村常住居民两周患病率及其影响因素分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(02):154-156,167.
 WEN Jing,ZHU Li-qin,ZHANG Xue-ling,et al.Two-week Prevalence Rate and its Influencing Factors of the Rural Residents in Pengyang of Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(02):154-156,167.
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2013年02期
页码:
154-156,167
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2013-02-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Two-week Prevalence Rate and its Influencing Factors of the Rural Residents in Pengyang of Ningxia
作者:
温 静1 朱丽琴2 张学玲3 刘 兰1
1.宁夏医科大学公共卫生学院,银川 750004; 2.宁夏灵武市妇幼保健所,灵武 750400; 3.宁夏中卫市镇罗中心卫生院,中卫 755000
Author(s):
WEN Jing1 ZHU Li-qin2 ZHANG Xue-ling3 LIU Lan1
1.School of Public Health, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchun 750004; 2.Lingwu Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Lingwu 750400; 3.The Health Center of Zhenluo Town in Zhongwei City, Zhongwei 755000
关键词:
农村居民 两周患病率 卫生服务需求 影响因素
Keywords:
rural residents two-week morbidity rate health services demand impact factors
分类号:
R18
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析彭阳县农村常住居民两周患病率,探讨其影响因素。方法 采用分层随机抽样对彭阳县10个乡镇的660户,2943名农村居民进行问卷调查,内容包括居民人口学特征、两周患病及就诊和家庭收支等情况。结果 居民两周患病率为118.25‰,按疾病系统分类,排在前5位的依次是:呼吸系统疾病占48.28%,肌肉骨骼等疾病占16.09%,消化系统疾病占12.07%,循环系统疾病占7.18%,泌尿生殖系统疾病4.31%。两周患病率单因素分析显示,男性高于女性,年龄越大、文化程度越低两周患病率越高,职业中农民两周患病率最高,婚姻状况中其他(离异、丧偶等)两周患病率高,慢病人群较无慢病人群两周患病率高。多因素分析结果中年龄组、是否为慢病、文化和职业进入方程。结论 彭阳县农村居民卫生服务需求高,主要危险因素为年龄高、慢病患者、文化程度低和职业为务农、村医、务工、学生及无业。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate and analyze two-week prevalence and its influencing factors of the rural residents in Pengyang of Ningxia. Methods 2943 rural residents of 660 households in 10 townships were extracted using a stratified random sampling method in Pengyang county of Ningxia. A household survey was carried out using a questionnaire including demographic characteristics, two-week sickness, household income and expenditure. Results Residents' two-week prevalence rate was 118.25‰(328/2943). The top 5 diseases based on prevalence were respiratory diseases(48.28%), musculoskeletal diseases(16.09%), digestive diseases(12.07%), diseases of the circulatory system(7.18%)and genito-urinary system diseases(4.31%). Single factor analysis results showed that the male, aged, lower educated, farmers had higher two-week morbidity rate. The multivariate analysis results showed age, chronic diseases, education level and occupation were influencing factors of two-week morbidity rate. Conclusion Age, chronic diseases, education level and occupation were influencing factors of two-week morbidity rate in Pengyang County of Ningxia.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-10-31 基金项目:哈佛大学合作项目(2009) 作者简介:温静(1974-),女,辽宁人,硕士,主要从事卫生服务研究。 通信作者:刘兰(1964-),女,山东人,教授,研究生导师,主要从事慢病流行病学研究。E-mail:liulan-162@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-02-20