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[1]王 勇,铁冬花,王 洁,等.宁夏地区职业人群原发性高血压病流行现状 及其相关危险因素分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(10):1020-1024.
 WANG Yong,TIE Dong-hua,WANG Jie,et al.Prevalence Status and Risk Factors of Primary Hypertensionin Occupational Groups of Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2012,(10):1020-1024.
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宁夏地区职业人群原发性高血压病流行现状 及其相关危险因素分析(PDF)
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2012年10期
页码:
1020-1024
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2012-10-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Prevalence Status and Risk Factors of Primary Hypertension in Occupational Groups of Ningxia
作者:
王 勇1 铁冬花2 王 洁3 王淑静3 叶 敏4 宋 辉 1
1.宁夏医科大学公共卫生学院,银川 750004; 2.宁夏医科大学总医院内分泌科,银川 750004; 3.宁夏医科大学科学技术研究中心,银川 750004; 4.中国农业大学动物医学院,北京 100009
Author(s):
WANG Yong1 TIE Dong-hua2 WANG Jie3 WANG Shu-jing3 YE Min3 SONG Hui1
1.School of Public Health,Ningxia Med. Univ., Yinchuan 750004; 2.Dept.of Endocrinology, the General Hospital of Ningxia Med. Univ., Yinchuan 750004; 3.Central Laboratory, Ningxia Med. Univ.,Yinchuan 750004; 4.Dept. of Veterinary Medicine,China Agricult
关键词:
高血压 危险因素 患病率 相关性
Keywords:
hypertension prevalence risk factors correlation
分类号:
R544.1
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解宁夏地区职业人 群高血压的流行现状及相关危险因素,为防治高血压提供科学依据。方法 运用整群抽样的方法,选择2009年3~10月至宁夏医 科大学总医院进行健康检查的宁夏银川、银南、银北地区政府机关及国有集体所有制企事业单位的职工作为调查对象,进行问 卷调查、体格检查及实验室检测。结果 共调查3321人,资料齐全者3191人,资料完整率占96%。宁夏地区职业人群高血压总体 患病率为35.19%,标化患病率为26.68%,其中男性高血压粗患病率为45.88%,标化患病率为32.04%; 女性高血压粗患病率为 19.53%,标化患病率为19.36%,男性患病率明显高于女性(χ2=110.754,P<0.01); 总体、男性和女性高 血压患病率均随年龄及体质指数的增高而升高(χ2分别为78.643、87.447和90.938,均P<0.01); 多因 素Logistic回归分析显示,年龄、性别、肥胖、腰围、LDL-C、血糖、UA、WBC、ALT为高血压的危险因素,高HDL-C为高血压的 保护因素。结论 宁夏地区职业人群高血压患病率均较高,接近或高于国内大城市患病水平; 高血压是多重危险因素共同作用 的结果; 中老年人群特别是男性及伴有肥胖者是高血压及相关疾病的高发人群,因此伴有肥胖的中老年人群是本地区干预和防 控的重点人群。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors among occupational populations of Ningxia. Methods With cluster sampling method, workers taking routine health check-up were selected from department of government, enterprises of Ningxia. Questionnaire survey, physical examination, and laboratory test were conducted in participants. Hypertension was defined according to definition of the China Adult hypertension Prevention Guide.The difference in the prevalence rates of hyperlipidemia and every abnormal metabolism and multivariate logistic regression of risk factors related to hypertension were analyzed. Results Among 3321 of this survey, totally 3191 subjects had complete data. The total prevalence rates of hypertension was 35.19% and the age-adjusted prevalence rates of hypertension was 26.68%; the crude prevalence rates of hypertension was 45.88% in males and its age-adjusted prevalence rates of hypertension was 32.04%; the crude prevalence rates of hypertension was 19.53% in females and its age-adjusted prevalence rates of hypertension was 19.36%. The prevalence rate of the male was significantly higher than that of female(χ2=110.754, P<0.01). The total, male and female rate of hypertension increased with the rise of age and BMI (χ2=78.643,87.447 and 90.938,P<0.01). The analysis of multivariate logistic regression showed that the risk factors of hypertension were age, gender, obesity, LDL-C, FPG, UA, WBC and ALT and the protective factor was high HDL. Conclusion There was significantly high prevalence rate of hypertension and every abnormal metabolism among Ningxia occupational populations. Hypertension was the common results of a variety of risk factors. Middle-age and old people, especially the male, are high incidence population in the local, so middle-age and old people who are suffering from obesity should be the target population for intervention, prevention and control.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-12-21 基金项目:宁夏自然科学基金(NZ0879) 作者简介:王勇,男,硕士,研究方向:心理应激与心身疾病关系。 通信作者:宋辉,教授,硕士研究生导师,主要从事心理应激及其心身疾病研究。E-mail:songhui_ny@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-10-20