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[1]王志翔,刘 婷,李 怡,等.某三甲医院多重耐药菌感染分布及其耐药情况分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2019,(08):816-818.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2019.08.014]
 WANG Zhixiang,LIU Ting,LI Yi,et al.Distribution and Drug Resistance of Multiple Resistant Bacteria in Hospital[J].Ningxia Medical University,2019,(08):816-818.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2019.08.014]
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年08期
页码:
816-818
栏目:
经验交流
出版日期:
2019-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Distribution and Drug Resistance of Multiple Resistant Bacteria in Hospital
文章编号:
1674-6309(2019)08-0816-04
作者:
王志翔 刘 婷 李 怡 余淑霞 许 婷 郑丽华
(宁夏回族自治区人民医院(西北民族大学第一附属医院)医院感染管理科,银川 750002)
Author(s):
WANG Zhixiang LIU Ting LI Yi YU Shuxia XU Ting ZHENG Lihua
(Ningxia People’s Hospital,The First Affiliated Hospital of Northwest University for Nationalities, Yinchuan 750002,China)
关键词:
多重耐药菌医院感染控制措施宁夏
Keywords:
multidrug resistant organismnosocomial infectioncontrol measuresNingxia
分类号:
R117
DOI:
10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2019.08.014
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 了解医院内多重耐药菌的感染及分布情况,为临床制定有效控制措施提供依据。方法 选择2015-2017年住院患者感染送检标本,通过实验分离多重耐药菌,对其在临床的分布、耐药率进行调查分析。结果 2015-2017年共送检标本50549株,分离出病原菌6936株,多重耐药菌1268株,主要以革兰氏阴性菌为主。多重耐药菌感染检出率前5位分别是鲍曼不动杆菌、大肠埃希氏菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、肺炎克雷伯菌、铜绿假单胞菌。多重耐药菌感染科室主要分布于ICU、骨科、神经外科,其检出率高于其他科室。结论 加强医院多重耐药菌防控,可有效减少医院感染的发生,保障患者就医安全。
Abstract:
Objective To understand the infection and distribution of MDROS in the hospital,and provide the basis for the development of effective control measures in clinical practice. Methods The clinical distribution and drug resistance rate of multidrug-resistant bacteria were investigated and analyzed through the experimental isolation of multidrug-resistant bacteria from infected samples of hospitalized patients from 2015 to 2017. Results From 2015 to 2017,50549 specimens were sent for examination. 6936 strains of pathogenic bacteria and 1268 strains of multi-drug resistant bacteria were isolated,mainly were Gram-negative bacteria. The top five detection rates of multi-drug resistant bacteria were Acinetobacter baumannii,Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureus,Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ICU,orthopaedics and neurosurgery departments were the main departments with high risk of infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacteria. Conclusion Strengthening the prevention and control of multi-drug-resistant bacteria in hospitals can effectively reduce the incidence of hospital infection and ensure the safety of medical treatment.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-07-18
基金项目:宁夏回族自治区人民医院培育振兴科研项目(201720)
作者简介:王志翔(1988-),女,主治医师,从事医院感染管理工作。E-mail:360075553@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-30