|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]马 丽,王 婷,魏婉聪,等.宁夏某三甲医院职工常见慢性病患病情况分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2019,(05):470-474.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2019.05.008]
 MA Li,WANG Ting,WEI Wancong,et al.Analysis on the Prevalence of Common Chronic Diseases among Employees of a Third-class A Hospital in Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2019,(05):470-474.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2019.05.008]
点击复制

宁夏某三甲医院职工常见慢性病患病情况分析(PDF)
分享到:

《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
470-474
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2019-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on the Prevalence of Common Chronic Diseases among Employees of a Third-class A Hospital in Ningxia
文章编号:
1674-6309(2019)05-0470-05
作者:
马 丽1 王 婷2 魏婉聪2 秦 芮3 迟名伟3 钱 莹2
(1. 宁夏医科大学实验室与装备服务中心,银川 750004; 2. 宁夏医科大学总医院医务处,银川 750004; 3. 宁夏医科大学护理学院,银川 750004)
Author(s):
MA Li1 WANG Ting2 WEI Wancong2 QIN Rui3 CHI Mingwei3 QIAN Ying2
(1. Department of Laboratory and Equipment Service Center,Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan 750004,China; 2. Department of Medical Service,the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004,China; 3. College of Nursing, Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan 750004,China)
关键词:
三甲医院医院职工慢性病宁夏
Keywords:
third class a hospital hospital staffchronic diseasesNingxia
分类号:
R195.4
DOI:
10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2019.05.008
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解宁夏某三甲医院职工各类慢性病患病的分布特点,为医院职工有针对性的防治提供依据。方法 采集2017年该医院职工体检资料数据,分别对职工常见的各类慢性病在性别、年龄、岗位、科室、职称五个方面的分布进行分析。结果 2017年职工体检各类慢性病检出率排序前五位的分别是:超重(23.96%)、甲状腺结节(21.46%)、低高密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症(17.52%)、脂肪肝(16.12%)、高甘油三酯血症(13.48%)。男性超重、低高密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症、脂肪肝、高甘油三酯血症、高尿酸血症、肥胖、高血压、糖尿病、高低密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症的检出率均高于女性(P均<0.05)。管理工勤岗位的超重、脂肪肝、高甘油三酯血症、高尿酸血症、肥胖检出率均高于其他岗位(P均<0.01)。行政后勤科室超重、低高密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症、脂肪肝、高甘油三酯血症、高尿酸血症、肥胖的检出率均高于其他科室(P均<0.01)。正高级职称超重、甲状腺结节、低高密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症、脂肪肝、高血压、糖尿病、高低密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症的检出率均高于其他职称(P均<0.01)。结论 男性、管理工勤岗位、行政后勤科室职工的各类慢性病检出率较高,应采取针对性的健康管理措施,提升重点科室的职工健康水平。
Abstract:
Objective To analyze the distribution characteristics of various chronic diseases among employees of the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University,and to provide basis for targeted prevention and treatment of hospital employees. Methods Data of physical examination of staff in our hospital in 2017 were collected,and the distribution of chronic diseases in gender,age,position, department and title was analyzed. Results In 2017, the first top five chronic diseases were overweight(23.96%),thyroid nodules(21.46%),low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia(17.52%), fatty liver(16.12%) and hypertriglyceridemia(13.48%). The detection rates of overweight,low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia,fatty liver,hypertriglyceridemia,hyperuricemia,obesity,hypertension,diabetes mellitus and high-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia in males were higher than those in females(P all <0.01). The detection rates of overweight,fatth liver,hypertriglyceridemia hyperuricemia and obesity in management posts were highter than those in the posts(P all <0.01). The detection rates of overweight, low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, fatty liver, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia and obesity in administrative logistics departments were higher than those in other departments(P all <0.01). The detection rates of overweight,thyroid nodules,low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, fatty liver, hypertension,diabetes mellitus and high-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia in positive and senior professional titles were higher than those in other professional titles(P all <0.01). Conclusion The detection rate of chronic diseases among male, managerial workers and staff in administrative departments is higher. Targeted health management measures should be taken to improve the health level of staff in key departments.

参考文献/References:

[1] 中国成人血脂异常防治指南制定联合委员会. 中国成人血脂异常防治指南[J]. 中华心血管病杂志, 2007,35(5):390-419.
[2] 中国肥胖问题工作组. 中国成人超重和肥胖症预防控制指南(节录)[J]. 营养学报, 2004,26(1):1-4.
[3] 中国高血压防治指南修订委员会. 中国高血压防治指南2010[J]. 中华心血管病杂志,2011,39(7):579-616.
[4] 中华医学会糖尿病学分会. 中国2型糖尿病防治指南(2013年版)[J]. 中国糖尿病杂志,2014,22(8):2-42.
[5] 中国医师协会心血管内科医师分会, 中国医师协会循证医学专业委员会. 无症状高尿酸血症合并心血管疾病诊治建议中国专家共识[J]. 中国全科医学, 2010,13(11):1145-1149.
[6] 中华医学会肝脏病学分会脂肪肝和酒精性脂肪肝病学组.非酒精性脂肪性肝病诊疗指南2010 (修订版)[J].中华肝脏病杂志,2010,18(2):163-166.
[7] 国家卫生计生委疾病预防控制局.中国居民营养与各类慢性病状况报告(2015年)[M]. 北京:人民卫生出版社,2015:27.
[8] Liu H,Zhang XM,Wang YL,et al. Prevalence of hyperuricemia among Chinese adults:a national cross-sectional survey using multistage,stratified sampling[J]. Journal of Nephrology,2014,27(6):653-658.
[9] 李剑虹,王丽敏,李镒冲,等. 2010年我国成年人血脂异常流行特点[J]. 中华预防医学杂志,2012,46(5):414-418.
[10] 延华,鲁晓岚,高艳琼,等. 西北地区脂肪性肝病的流行病学调查研究[J].中华肝脏病杂志,2015,23(8):622-627.

相似文献/References:

[1]王 露,金梅花,徐清斌,等.原发性高血压患者血管紧张素Ⅱ-2型受体基因C3123A 多态性及其相关因素的研究[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(04):382.
 WANG Lu,JIN Mei-hua,XU Qing-bin,et al.Relationship between C3123A Polymorphism of AngiogenesisⅡ Type 2 Receptor Gene and Essential Hypertension of Hans in Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):382.
[2]王利新,魏军,杨宝珍,等.宁夏医疗机构临床实验室现状调查[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(03):341.
[3]张永梅,陈桂生,戴秀英,等.宁夏农村癫痫患者脑电图检查结果分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(03):289.
 ZHANG Yong-mei,CHEN Gui-sheng,DAI Xiu-ying,et al.The Characteristics of ECG in Patients with Epilepsy in Ningxia Rural Areas[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):289.
[4]杨 炬,王 雯,高 洁,等.宁夏职业暴露人群和环境高致病性禽流感感染情况调查[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(03):286.
 YANG Ju,WANG Wen,GAO Jie,et al.Investigation of Avian Influenza A Virus Infection among Occupational Exposed Population of Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):286.
[5]李海军,杨媛媛,周莉薇,等.2010年宁夏人群乙肝表面抗体特征分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(03):280.
 LI Hai-jun,YANG Yuan-yuan,ZHOU Li-wei,et al.The Characteristics on Hepatitis B Surface-antibodyof Healthy People of Ningxia in 2010[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):280.
[6]雷 娇,张立明.宁夏与东北短梗五加不同部位黄酮含量比较[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(02):157.
 LEI Jiao,ZHANG Li-ming.Comparison Study of Total Flavonoid in Parts of Acanthopanax Sessiliflorus Seem between Ningxia and Northeast Areas[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):157.
[7]周路平,吴惠忠,尤文宁,等.2011年宁夏居民碘营养现况调查[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(01):55.
 ZHOU Lu-ping,WU Hui-zhong,YOU Wen-ning,et al.The Survey of Iodine Nutrition in Ningxia Residents in 2011[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):55.
[8]靳 峰,李 丽,宋晓佳,等.2010年宁夏布鲁氏菌病重点人群流行病学现况调查分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(01):49.
 JIN Feng,LI Li,SONG Xiai-jia,et al.An Epidemiology Investigation of the Brucellosis in Key Population of Ningxia in 2010[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):49.
[9]李鸿成,慕 明,谢 峰,等.宁夏地区2006~2011年尘肺病新发病例现况分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(09):998.
 LI Hongcheng,Mu Ming,Xie Feng,et al.Analysis on New Cases of Pneumoconiosis in Ningxia Region from 2006 to 2011[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):998.
[10]王志忠,王俊峰,张毓洪,等.宁夏地区成人失眠现况及影响因素分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(09):994.
 WANG Zhizhong,WANG Junfeng,ZHANG Yuhong,et al.An Investigation of Insomnia Status and the Risk Factors in Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(05):994.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-12-27
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0114105);宁夏回族自治区重点研发计划(2018BFG02009);宁夏卫生计生委重点研究课题(20170012)
作者简介:马丽,硕士研究生导师,副教授,研究方向:心理学研究与实践。
通信作者:钱莹。E-mail:1746652931@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-05-30