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[1]李宏辉,杨惠芳,代 可,等.2011-2015年宁夏吴忠市某综合医院农药中毒现状分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2017,(12):1416-1419.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2017.12.013]
 LI Honghui,YANG Huifang,DAI Ke,et al.The Analysis of the Pesticide Poisoning in a Hospital of Wuzhong City during 2011-2015[J].Ningxia Medical University,2017,(12):1416-1419.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2017.12.013]
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2011-2015年宁夏吴忠市某综合医院农药中毒现状分析(PDF)
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2017年12期
页码:
1416-1419
栏目:
论 著
出版日期:
2017-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Analysis of the Pesticide Poisoning in a Hospital of Wuzhong City during 2011-2015
作者:
李宏辉 杨惠芳 代 可 齐晓倩 刘贺荣
(宁夏医科大学公共卫生与管理学院,银川 750004)
Author(s):
LI Honghui YANG Huifang DAI Ke QI Xiaoqian LIU Herong
(School of Public Health and Management in Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004)
关键词:
农药中毒生产性农药中毒非生产性农药中毒有机磷农药宁夏
Keywords:
pesticide poisoningthe productive pesticide poisoningnon-productive pesticide poisoningorganophosphorus pesticideNingxia
分类号:
R994
DOI:
10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2017.12.013
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析宁夏吴忠市某综合性医院2011-2015年农药中毒病例的特征,为预防和控制农药中毒的发生提供科学依据。方法 收集宁夏吴忠市某综合医院2011-2015年所有救治的农药中毒病例数据并进行统计分析。结果 2011-2015年吴忠市某综合医院农药中毒病例共136例,死亡8例,病死率为5.88%;其中非生产性农药中毒126例,占总中毒人数的92.65%,而非生产性农药中毒又以自服为主(96例),占非生产性农药中毒人数的76.19%。生产性农药中毒男性与女性中毒人数相等,非生产性农药中毒女性高于男性;农药中毒有明显的季节性,病例主要集中在第二、三季度。由有机磷农药所致的中毒人数最多,占72.05%。结论 宁夏吴忠市某综合医院农药中毒病例以非生产性自服为主,农药中毒对群众的生命安全和健康造成了一定的危害,相关部门应加强农药安全管理知识的宣传教育心理健康指导。
Abstract:
Objective To analyze the characteristics of the pesticide poisoning cases during 2011-2015 in a hospital of WuZhong City in Ningxia. Methods Information of the pesticide poisoning cases was collected from a comprehensive hospital of WuZhong City in Ningxia. Results Of 136 pesticide poisoning cases, 8 cases died and the case fatality rate was 5.88% while 126 cases were unproductive pesticide poisoning, accounting for 92.65% of the total pesticide poisoning. The number of male and female victims of productive pesticide poisoning was equal, and the number of female non-productive pesticide poisoning was higher than that of male. Pesticide poisoning was significantly seasonal, with cases mainly in the second and third quarters. The major cause of pesticide poisoning was organophosphorus, accounting for 72.05%. Conclusion The pesticide poisoning in Wuzhong city affects people's life and health seriously. The relevant departments should strengthen the health education , supervision and management of pesticide safety.

参考文献/References:


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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-12-03
作者简介:李宏辉,女,讲师。研究方向:环境有害因素与健康。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-12-30