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[1]张研婷,宋臻敏,孔繁智,等.宁夏两所高校大学生睡眠质量现况调查及影响因素分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2017,(02):159-162,182.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2017.02.010]
 ZHANG Yanting,SONG Zhenmin,KONG Fanzhi,et al.Sleep Quality and the Associated Factors among Ningxia University Students[J].Ningxia Medical University,2017,(02):159-162,182.[doi:10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2017.02.010]
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2017年02期
页码:
159-162,182
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2017-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Sleep Quality and the Associated Factors among Ningxia University Students
作者:
张研婷宋臻敏孔繁智杨廷龙牛建梅尚玉秀
宁夏医科大学公共卫生与管理学院,银川 750004
Author(s):
ZHANG Yanting SONG Zhenmin KONG Fanzhi YANG Tinglong NIU Jianmei SHANG Yuxiu
School of Public Health and Management, Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan 750004
关键词:
大学生睡眠质量睡眠障碍现况调查宁夏
Keywords:
university student sleep quality sleep disorders cross sectional study Ningxia
分类号:
R181
DOI:
10.16050/j.cnki.issn1674-6309.2017.02.010
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解宁夏部分大学生睡眠质量现况,为改善大学生睡眠质量提供科学依据。方法 采用分层随机整群抽样的方法,抽取宁夏大学和宁夏医科大学2263名学生作为研究对象采用匹茨堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)评价大学生睡眠质量状况。结果 宁夏部分大学生PSQI总分为(5.59±2.67)分高于大学生常模(5.26±2.38)分(t=5.806,P<0.001);宁夏部分大学生睡眠障碍发生率为21.3%;不同民族、专业、生源地、是否独生子女、家庭经济状况及母亲文化程度PSQI得分差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。多因素Logistic回归分析显示,睡眠质量与入睡时间(OR=1.892,95%CI:1.484~2.413)、睡眠环境(OR=2.909,95%CI:1.855~4.562)、学习压力(OR=3.075,95%CI:1.990~4.753)、就业压力(OR=2.604,95%CI:1.121~6.047)、健康状况(OR=5.882,95%CI:2.894~11.956)、情感状况(OR=3.422,95%CI:1.980~5.914)、人际关系(OR=4.754,95%CI:1.715~13.174)、睡前使用手机时间(OR=4.447,95%CI:2.650~7.460)有关。结论 宁夏部分大学生睡眠质量不容乐观,睡眠质量与入睡时间、睡眠环境、学习压力、就业压力、人际关系、健康状况、心情状况、情感状况、睡前使用手机时间有关。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate sleep quality of college students in Ningxia, and to provide science evidence for improving their sleeping quality. Methods A total of 2263 students were selected from Ningxia Medical University and Ningxia University and Pittsburgh sleep quality index scale(PSQI) was used to evaluate the status of sleep quality. Results PSQI total score of the Ningxia college students was an average of (5.59±2.67) points,which were significantly higher than those of the national norm(5.26±2.38) points (t=5.806,P<0.001). Prevalence of sleep disorders among Ningxia college students was 21.3%. There were significant differences among the ethnicities, majors, students origin bases, only child or not, family economic status and maternal educational background in the majority of PSQI score(P all<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that sleep quality was correlated with sleeping time(OR=1.892,95%CI:1.484~2.413), sleeping environment(OR=2.909,95%CI:1.855~4.562),learning stress(OR=3.075,95%CI:1.990~4.753), employment stress(OR=2.604,95%CI:1.121~6.047),health status(OR=5.882,95%CI:2.894~11.956), emotional well-being(OR=3.422,95%CI:1.980~5.914),interpersonal relationship(OR=4.754,95%CI:1.715~13.174), and using handsets before bedtime(OR=4.447,95%CI:2.650~7.460). Conclusion The sleep quality of college students in Ningxia was poor and the sleep quality is connected with sleeping time, sleeping environment,learning stress, employment stress,health status,emotional well-being,interpersonal relationship and using mobiles before bedtime.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-07-26 作者简介:张研婷,女,宁夏人,在读硕士研究生。E-mail:happy-zhangyanting@163.com 通信作者:尚玉秀,女,教授。E-mail: shangyx1018@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-02-20