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[1]权少敏,孙伟,齐爱,等.宁夏分散式供水水质现状及健康风险评价[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2014,(01):56-58.
 QUAN Shaomin,SUN Wei,QI Ai,et al.The Quality Satus and Health Risk Assessment of Ningxia Decentralized Water Supply[J].Ningxia Medical University,2014,(01):56-58.
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宁夏分散式供水水质现状及健康风险评价(PDF)
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
56-58
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2014-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Quality Satus and Health Risk Assessment of Ningxia Decentralized Water Supply
作者:
权少敏1孙伟2齐爱2刘凤莲2吴惠忠2
1.宁夏医科大学公共卫生学院,银川 750004; 2.宁夏疾病预防控制中心,银川 750004
Author(s):
QUAN Shaomin1SUN Wei2QI Ai2LIU Fenglian2WU Huizhong2
1.School of Public Health, Ningxia Med. Univ., Yinchuan 750004; 2.The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Ningxia, Yinchuan 750004
关键词:
分散式供水水质风险评价宁夏
Keywords:
decentralized water supply water quality risk assessment Ningxia
分类号:
R132.5
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的掌握宁夏分散式供水水质现状以及部分指标的健康风险,为饮水安全提供有效数据。方法每个市(区)设置4~5个分散式供水点纳入检测范围,检测不同供水方式和不同水源类型在不同水期的水质情况,并对其中的八项指标采用美国环保总署推荐的健康风险评价模型进行评价。结果枯水期和丰水期各检测水样103份,合格率分别为31.1%和35.0%。总合格率为33.0%。致癌物六价铬(Cr6+)和砷(As)的患癌超额危险度分别为2.44E-4和9.20E-5,非致癌物汞(Hg)、铁(Fe)、锰(Mn)、氟化物、硝酸盐、氨氮的终身健康危险度分别为3.03E-8、4.76E-6、1.57E-6、4.27E-7、2.80E-8、7.09E-9。Cr6+和As的患癌危险度比较高,分别是可接受水平的244倍和92倍,Fe、Mn的健康危险度分别为可接受水平的4.76倍和1.57倍,其他计算指标均在可接受范围之内。结论宁夏分散式饮水的合格率较低,指标Cr6+和As的危害较明显。
Abstract:
Objective To assess the quality status and health risk of Ningxia decentralized water supply and to provide the evidence for the safety of drinking water. Methods 4 to 5 points of decentralized water supply were detected in each city(district)of Ningxia, respectively. The detection range covered different types of water supply, water source and water supply period. We also evaluated eight indicators using Health Risk Assessment Model that was recommend by USEPA. Results 206 water samples were tested in this study. The qualified rate were 31.1% and 35.0% in low water period and high water period, respectively. The total qualified rate was 33.0%. Excess cancered risk of carcinogens Cr6+ and As were 2.44E-4 and 9.20E-5, respectively. Lifelong health risk of non-carcinogen Hg, Fe, Mn, fluorides, nitrates and ammonia were 3.03E-8, 4.76E-6, 1.57E-6, 4.27E-7, 2.80E-8, 7.09E-9, respectively. The health risk of Cr6+ and As were higher than that of others with 244 times and 92 times of the acceptable level. The health risk of Fe and Mn were 4.76 times and 1.57 times of the acceptable level, respectively. The health risk of other indicators were lower than the acceptable standard. Conclusion In Ningxia, the qualified rate of dispersed drinking water was low. The risk of Cr6+ and As were more serious.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-05-22 作者简介:权少敏(1986-),女,在读硕士研究生,流行病与卫生统计学专业。 通信作者:吴惠忠(1968-),男,硕士研究生导师,从事环境流行病学的研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-01-20