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[1]高 晶,倪 珍,田红卫,等.同心县830名农村育龄妇女两周患病现状及卫生服务利用情况[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(09):912-914.
 GAO Jing,NI Zhen,TIAN Hong-wei,et al.Two-week Morbility Rate and Health Services Utilization of 830 Rural Women of Childbearing Age in Tongxin County[J].Ningxia Medical University,2012,(09):912-914.
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同心县830名农村育龄妇女两周患病现状及卫生服务利用情况(PDF)
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2012年09期
页码:
912-914
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2012-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Two-week Morbility Rate and Health Services Utilization of 830 Rural Women of Childbearing Age in Tongxin County
作者:
高 晶1 倪 珍1 田红卫2 赵海萍3
1.宁夏银川市怀远路社区卫生服务中心,银川 750011; 2.宁夏贺兰山农牧场卫生院,银川 750023; 3.宁夏医科大学公共卫生学院,银川 750004
Author(s):
GAO Jing1 NI Zhen1 TIAN Hong-wei2 ZHAO Hai-ping3
1.Health Service Center of Huaiyuan Road Community in Yinchuan, Yinchuan 750011; 2.Farm's Health Center of Helan Mountain,Yinchuan 750023; 3.Academy of Public Health, Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan 750004
关键词:
农村 育龄妇女 两周患病 卫生服务利用 宁夏
Keywords:
countryside women of child-bearing age two-week morbility health services utilization Ningxia
分类号:
R195
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解同心县农村育龄妇女两周患病情况及对卫生服务的利用。方法 在同心县10个乡镇按经济状况好、中、差分层,随机抽取52个自然村,每个自然村随机抽取15~49岁已婚育龄妇女共计830名。采用入户调查,对育龄妇女的一般情况、两周患病及就诊进行调查。结果 830名农村育龄妇女文化程度较低,两周患病率为11.1%,两周患病种类前五位依次为感冒、妇科疾病、头痛、胃炎和心脏病,分别占27.2%、12.0%、9.8%、3.3%和3.3%。两周就诊率为9.4%。未治疗原因调查,以自感病情较轻比例最高为57.1%,其次为经济困难占35.7%。就诊机构的选择前三位依次为县医院、乡镇卫生院和村卫生室,分别占28.6%、 26.8%和19.6%。不同年龄组间体检率差异无统计学意义(χ2=5.746,P=0.125)。不同文化程度育龄妇女体检率差异有统计学意义(χ2=12.209,P=0.007)。结论 830名农村育龄妇女文化程度较低,健康状况堪忧,对卫生服务的利用率较低。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate two-week morbility rate and health services utilization of 830 rural women of childbearing age in Tongxin County. Methods 52 natural villages and 830 15~49 years old, married women were selected randomly based on economic conditions. A household survey was conducted and the general conditions, two-week ill and medical records of the women of child-bearing age were investigated. Results Two-week prevalence of 830 rural women of child-bearing age was 11.1%. The top five diseases based on two-week prevalence were the cold, gynecological disease, headache, gastritis and heart diseases and their prevalences were 27.2%, 12.0%, 9.8%, 3.3% and 3.3%, respectively. Two-week consultation rate of 830 rural women of child-bearing age was 9.4%.Two weeks see a doctor rate sick for 84.8%. No treatment reason investigation, to feel the illness is light the highest percentage is 57.1%, and 35.7% for the economic difficulties. Medical institutions choice is in the top three county hospital, rural hospitals and village clinic respectively. Conclusion Two-week prevalence and consultation of 830 rural women of child-bearing age were low in Tongxin County.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-12-29 基金项目:哈佛合作项目资助 作者简介:高晶,男,副主任医师,从事社区卫生服务工作。 通信作者:赵海萍,教授,从事妇幼保健工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-09-20