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[1]宋琦如,李吴萍,王 宏,等.宁夏吴忠市农村居民两周患病率现状及影响因素分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2012,(09):903-905.
 SONG Qi-ru,LI Wu-ping,WANG Hong,et al.The Two-week Morbidity Rate and It's Major Influential Factors in Rural Residents of Wuzhong Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2012,(09):903-905.
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2012年09期
页码:
903-905
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2012-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Two-week Morbidity Rate and It's Major Influential Factors in Rural Residents of Wuzhong Ningxia
作者:
宋琦如1 李吴萍1 王 宏2 刘 兰1 姬海燕1 张 娜1
1.宁夏医科大学,银川 750004; 2.宁夏吴忠市利通区高闸镇中心卫生院,吴忠 751100
Author(s):
SONG Qi-ru1 LI Wu-ping1 WANG Hong2 LIU Lan1 JI Hai-yan1 ZHANG Na1
1.Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004; 2.The Health Center of Gaozha Village in Litong Area of Wuzhong, Wuzhong 751100
关键词:
农村居民 两周患病率 影响因素 宁夏吴忠
Keywords:
rural population morbidity rate influence factors Ningxia Wuzhong
分类号:
R195
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解宁夏吴忠市农村居民两周患病率现况及主要影响因素。方法 采用整群随机抽样方法对宁夏吴忠市利通区2个乡镇14个行政村2163户,共计8641名常住人口进行家庭健康询问调查。结果 吴忠市农村居民两周患病率为9.9%(标化率9.08%),明显低于国家第四次卫生服务调查值17.7%(标化率14.93%); 两周患病的主要病种(症状)为上呼吸道感染、头晕/头痛/腿疼等症状、心脏疾病、急慢性胃肠炎、腰椎间盘突出。Logistic回归分析影响两周患病率的主要因素为女性、高年龄组、回族和患有慢性疾病。结论 宁夏吴忠市农村居民两周患病率明显低于全国农村平均水平,居民健康状况有所改善,还应重视老年人群、妇女、儿童的健康保健。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate two-week morbidity rate and it's major influential factors in rural residents in Litong district of Wuzhong, Ningxia. Methods The investigation was implemented at their homes with questionnaire in 14 administrative villages from 2 towns and 8641 residents from 2136 families. Results Two-week Morbidity Rate was 9.9%. The major kinds of diseases of Two-week Morbidity were: Acute up-respiratory tract infection, Dizziness, Headache, Leg hurts, Heart disease, Acute/chronic Gastroenteritis, Lumbar Disc Disease. Using multiple Logistic regression, Two-week Morbidity Rate was related to gender, age, ethnicity and chronic diseases. Conclusion Rural community basic medical and public health service function should be improved and the health education and chronic disease management should be strengthened. Government would pay more attention to the elderly, women and children's health care.

参考文献/References:

[1] 卫生部统计信息中心.2008中国卫生服务调查研究[M].北京:中国协和医科大学出版社,2009:26.
[2] 郭文琴,乔慧,王学明,等. 宁夏海原县农民门诊卫生服务需求与利用[J].中国卫生统计,2012,29(1):91-93.
[3] 马杰,温静,任彬彬,等. 西吉县农村居民两周患病现况及影响因素分析[J].中国卫生统计,2010,27(2):180-181.
[4] 漆光紫,黄高明,谢平,等.西部地区农村居民两周患病未就诊及影响因素分析[J].现代预防医学,2008,35(16),3088-3089
[5] 郭忠琴,戴秀英,刘源,等. 宁夏农村居民健康状况与卫生常识知晓调查[J].卫生研究,2007,36(1):107-108.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-05-05 基金项目:“十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAI65B08); 美国中华医学基金会基金(China Medical Board)(09973) 作者简介:宋琦如(1962-),男,山东人,教授,硕士研究生导师,博士,主要从事职业与环境毒理研究,医院管理研究。 通信作者:李吴萍,女,教授,硕士研究生导师,从事居民健康统计和卫生服务研究。E-mail:lwp1088@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-09-20