|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李 梅,吴慧忠,陈阿丽,等.宁夏平罗县居民最适宜食盐加碘量的研究[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2011,(04):349-351.
 LI Mei,WU Hui-zhong,CHEN A-li,et al.Investigation of the Optimal Concentration of Iodine Added to Dietary Edible Salt in Pingluo of Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2011,(04):349-351.
点击复制

宁夏平罗县居民最适宜食盐加碘量的研究(PDF)
分享到:

《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2011年04期
页码:
349-351
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2012-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation of the Optimal Concentration of Iodine Added to Dietary Edible Salt in Pingluo of Ningxia
作者:
李 梅1 吴慧忠2 陈阿丽2 米克德1 张 波3
1.宁夏医科大学公共卫生学院,银川 750004; 2.宁夏回族自治区疾病预防控制中心,银川 750004; 3.宁夏回族自治区卫生厅,银川 750004
Author(s):
LI Mei1 WU Hui-zhong2 CHEN A-li3 MI Ke-de1 ZHANG Bo3
1.School of Public Health, Ningxia Med.Univ.,Yinchuan 750004, 2.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Ningxia,Yinchuan 750004; 3.The Health Dept. of Ningxia,Yinchuan 750004
关键词:
食盐 摄人量 宁夏
Keywords:
salts iodine intake quant Ningxia
分类号:
R151.2
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 研究宁夏平罗县居民最适宜的食盐加碘量,为宁夏局部调整盐碘水平提供依据。方法 在平罗县下辖的灵沙村和西灵村中,按照随机抽样的原则,调查8~10岁学生170名,成人(18岁~)100名、孕妇+乳母22名,共计292名。采集调查对象日间一次随机尿样,用过硫酸铵消化砷铈催化分光光度法测定; 用三日称量法计算每人每日食盐食用量,同时采集居民食用盐,用直接滴定法测定碘盐含碘量; 以世界卫生组织等推荐的孕妇和乳母的碘摄人量为基准推算最适宜的食盐加碘量。结果 上述3组人群的尿碘中位数为237.9μg·L-1,推算的碘摄入量为295.6μg·d-1,食盐食用量平均为10.7g·d-1,食盐碘含量平均为32.5 mg·kg-1,碘盐供给的碘量为226.0μg·d-1; 环境来源碘为69.6μg·d-1。结论 宁夏平罗县农村居民最适宜的食盐加碘量为(17.0~31.6)mg·kg-1,现行国家标准(20~50)mg·kg-1尚有下调的空间。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the optimal concentration of iodine added to dietary edible salt in Pingluo county and to provide scientific evidence for Ningxia adjustment on edible salt concentration in local areas. Methods Targeted subjects were chosen from lingsha and xiling village in Pingluo county and were divided into three groups: age 8~10 students,age 18 or above, pregnant or lactating women.Their urinary iodine excretion levels were examined by ammounium persulfate digestion-arsenic ce catalytic spectrophotometry.Their daily edible salt intake was recorded and the iodine concentration in the edible salt was measured by direct titration. Results The medium of the urinary iodine concentration of the four groups was 237.9 Iμg·L-1,and from which the mean iodine intake was calculated to be 295.6 μg·d-1.The average amount of edible salt intake was 10.7 g·d-1. The current iodine concentration in the edible salt was 32.5 mg·kg-1,out of which 226.0 μg·d-1 of iodine was excreted from urine daily.Therefore,iodine obtained from the living environment other than salt was 69.6 μg·d-1. Conclusion The recommanded optimal iodine concentration added to the edible salt for Pingluo county is(17.0-31.6)mg·kg-1.The current national standard(35±15)mg·kg-1 could be adjusted lower.

参考文献/References:

[1] 于志恒,刘守军,朱惠民,等.碘和甲状腺肿流行规律的发现、检验和建立[J].中国地方病学杂志,2004,23:195-197.
[2] GB/T 13025.7-1999.制盐工业通用试验方法碘离子的测定[S].
[3] 阎玉琴,张亚平,刘列均,等.尿中碘的过硫酸铵消化-砷铈催化分光光度测定方法[J].中国地方病学杂志,2004,24(6):582-585.
[4] 鲍务新,邱玉中,蒋小兰,等.调整食盐加碘浓度操作程序的探讨[J].中国地方病防治杂志,2006,21:349-351.
[5] Doun JT,SemiganMJ,Delange F.The prevention andman-agement of lodine-lnduced hyperthyroidism and its cardiacfeatures[J].Thyroid,1998,8(1):101.
[6] 中国营养学会.中国居民膳食营养素参考摄入量[M].北京:中国轻工业出版社,2000:189-194.
[7] 王慕逖.儿科学[M].5版.北京:人民卫生出版社,2002:321.
[8] WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD.Assessment of the iodine deficien-cy disorders and monitoring their elimination:Aguide forprogramme manager[R].Second edition.Geneva:WHO/NHD /01.1.2001.
[9] 王欣,石福增,苏亚楠,等.加碘盐烹饪过程中碘损失的研究[J].中国预防医学杂志,2006,7(4):261-263.
[10] 人民网(北京).安徽等5省区食盐碘过量,官方首次承认威胁健康.http://news.163.com/10/0727/03/6CINH2TC0001124J.html,2010.
[11] Doun JT,Semigan MJ,Delange F.The prevention and management of lodiInduced hyperthyroidism and its cardiac features[J].Thyroid,1998,8(1):101.
[12] 陈建安,陈惠琴,兰永贵,等.碘酸钾碘盐自然存放17年碘的损失规律研究[R].地方病通报,2010,1-3.
[13] 赵廉,张健.不同烹饪条件下碘的损失量[J].扬州大学烹饪学报,2003(3):19-22.

相似文献/References:

[1]王 露,金梅花,徐清斌,等.原发性高血压患者血管紧张素Ⅱ-2型受体基因C3123A 多态性及其相关因素的研究[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(04):382.
 WANG Lu,JIN Mei-hua,XU Qing-bin,et al.Relationship between C3123A Polymorphism of AngiogenesisⅡ Type 2 Receptor Gene and Essential Hypertension of Hans in Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):382.
[2]张永梅,陈桂生,戴秀英,等.宁夏农村癫痫患者脑电图检查结果分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(03):289.
 ZHANG Yong-mei,CHEN Gui-sheng,DAI Xiu-ying,et al.The Characteristics of ECG in Patients with Epilepsy in Ningxia Rural Areas[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):289.
[3]杨 炬,王 雯,高 洁,等.宁夏职业暴露人群和环境高致病性禽流感感染情况调查[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(03):286.
 YANG Ju,WANG Wen,GAO Jie,et al.Investigation of Avian Influenza A Virus Infection among Occupational Exposed Population of Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):286.
[4]李海军,杨媛媛,周莉薇,等.2010年宁夏人群乙肝表面抗体特征分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(03):280.
 LI Hai-jun,YANG Yuan-yuan,ZHOU Li-wei,et al.The Characteristics on Hepatitis B Surface-antibodyof Healthy People of Ningxia in 2010[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):280.
[5]雷 娇,张立明.宁夏与东北短梗五加不同部位黄酮含量比较[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(02):157.
 LEI Jiao,ZHANG Li-ming.Comparison Study of Total Flavonoid in Parts of Acanthopanax Sessiliflorus Seem between Ningxia and Northeast Areas[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):157.
[6]周路平,吴惠忠,尤文宁,等.2011年宁夏居民碘营养现况调查[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(01):55.
 ZHOU Lu-ping,WU Hui-zhong,YOU Wen-ning,et al.The Survey of Iodine Nutrition in Ningxia Residents in 2011[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):55.
[7]靳 峰,李 丽,宋晓佳,等.2010年宁夏布鲁氏菌病重点人群流行病学现况调查分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(01):49.
 JIN Feng,LI Li,SONG Xiai-jia,et al.An Epidemiology Investigation of the Brucellosis in Key Population of Ningxia in 2010[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):49.
[8]何艳萍,任宗芬,陈 晶.碘仿纱条中碘仿的含量测定[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(09):1061.
[9]李鸿成,慕 明,谢 峰,等.宁夏地区2006~2011年尘肺病新发病例现况分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(09):998.
 LI Hongcheng,Mu Ming,Xie Feng,et al.Analysis on New Cases of Pneumoconiosis in Ningxia Region from 2006 to 2011[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):998.
[10]王志忠,王俊峰,张毓洪,等.宁夏地区成人失眠现况及影响因素分析[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2013,(09):994.
 WANG Zhizhong,WANG Junfeng,ZHANG Yuhong,et al.An Investigation of Insomnia Status and the Risk Factors in Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2013,(04):994.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-12-01 作者简介:李梅(1984-),女,陕西人,在读硕士研究生,从事地方病流行病学研究。 通信作者:张波(1962-),男,宁夏人,教授,硕士,主要从事流行病学研究及疾病控制工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-04-20