|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张莲香,王慧茹,王效军,等.宁夏四县城乡居民脑中风危险因素知晓率调查与宣教[J].宁夏医科大学学报,2010,(02):249-252.
 ZHANG Lian-xiang,WANG Hui-ru,WANG Xiao-jun,et al.Awareness Rate of Prevention and Treatment about Stroke among the Residents in 4 Counties in Ningxia[J].Ningxia Medical University,2010,(02):249-252.
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《宁夏医科大学学报》[ISSN:1005-8486/CN:64-1029/R]

卷:
期数:
2010年02期
页码:
249-252
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2011-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Awareness Rate of Prevention and Treatment about Stroke among the Residents in 4 Counties in Ningxia
作者:
张莲香1 王慧茹2 王效军1 周晓霞3 张莉萍3 李 鹏3 铁梅3
1.宁夏医科大学基础医学院,银川 750004; 2.银川市第一人民医院,银川 750001 ; 3.宁夏医科大学临床医学院,银川 750004
Author(s):
ZHANG Lian-xiangWANG Hui-ruWANG Xiao-junet al
Dept.of Human Anatomy and Histoembryololgy,Ningxia Med.Univ.,Yinchuan 750004
关键词:
脑中风 知晓率 宁夏
Keywords:
stroke awareness rate Ningxia
分类号:
R743
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 调查宁夏4县城乡居民对脑中风危险因素了解程度以及他们对相关卫生保健知识的态度、行为状况,并对脑中风防治知识进行宣教,增强公众防治脑中风的意识。方法 根据整群随机抽样原则于2006-2008年将宁夏4个不同县乡的现住城镇居民和以务农为主的人群作为调查对象,年龄在20岁以上。发放调查问卷,之后就脑中风防治知识进行宣教。结果 收到有效调查问卷3211份,其中对高血压、糖尿病、心脏病、高盐饮食、吸烟、饮酒过度为脑中风危险因素的知晓率分别为45.7%、20.2%、14.3%、3.6%、42.5%、42.0%,统计数据显示宁夏四县城乡居民对脑中风相关卫生知识了解普遍偏低,且因文化程度、民族、年龄不同存在较大差异。宣教后调查对象对上述脑中风危险因素的认识程度较宣教前有了显著提高(P<0.01)。结论 宁夏4个县乡居民对脑中风防治知识知晓程度普遍偏低,通过脑中风防治知识的宣教可以极大提高公众对脑中风的防范意识,促进公众的态度和行为向有利于脑中风防治方向转变。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the comprehensive degree of prevention and treatment on stroke and the altitude and behavior status of relative health care information,to propaganda prevention and treatment knowledge about stroke, andto improve awareness of prevention and treatment on stroke in Ningxia residents.Methods Questionnaires were distributed to the residents aged over 17 years old,who were selected with stratified randomization in 4 counties of Ningxia from2006 to 2008.Results Totally 3211 complete and effective questionnaires werecollected back.the awareness rates of prevention and treatment about stroke among the residents in four counties of Ningxia were lower widely and significantlydifferent according to ages,education degree and ethnicities.The awareness rates of the hypertention,diabetes,heart,disease,tobacco use,alcohol drinking which were ralted with stroke were 45.7%,20.2%,14.3%,3.6%,42.5% and 42.0%.Conclusion Knowledge concerning stroke was generally poor in residents of Ningxia.The residents'awareness of prevention and treatment on stroke can be improvedthrough propagandizing the knowledge and also accelerating the manner and behavior towards the advantaged direction for preventing stroke.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2009-08-27 基金项目:宁夏医科大学面上项目(2005,2006); 宁夏医科大学大学生创新项目(2007) 作者简介:张莲香(1969-),女,宁夏人,副教授,硕士,从事神经损伤与修复的研究工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-02-20